About REDD+ PNG
PNG has been at the forefront of REDD+ negotiations globally since 2005 when PNG and Costa Rica introduced the concept of reduced emissions from deforestation to the 33rdUN Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC). Over this time, the Government of PNG has worked to lead international discussions on REDD+ while building capacity and testing approaches to REDD+ domestically as part of a broader approach to climate change.
PNG’s early efforts on climate change were formalized in 2008 with the establishment of the Office of Climate Change and Environment Sustainability (OCCES), which was re-established as the Office of Climate Change and Development (OCCD) in 2010 and, following the passing of the Climate Change Management Act (CCMA) in 2015, has now become the Climate Change Development Authority (CCDA). This organization has been central to moving REDD+ readiness developments forward including through the establishment of a technical working group for REDD+, the development of pilot projects in partnership with PNG Forest Authority (PNGFA), development partners and the private sector, the development of the Climate Compatible Development Management Policy, and the REDD+ Roadmap in 2010, around which government action and development partner support has been structured.
Between 2011 and 2017 PNG has worked, with support from development partners including the UN-REDD Programme (implemented by UNDP, FAO and UNEP), JICA, GIZ, the EU and the FCPF Readiness Fund, implemented through UNDP, to increase capacity and understanding of REDD+ across key stakeholders within the country as part of the REDD+ Readiness Phase of REDD+ development. Work has been conducted on assessing the drivers of forest cover change through partnership between CCDA and PNGFA as well as UNDP and FAO and developing the four key components of REDD+ namely the National REDD+ Strategy (NRS), the Safeguards Information System (SIS), the National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) and the Forest Reference Level (FRL).
To catalyze change within the forest and land use sector towards a new responsible economy with lower greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), stronger long term economic growth and community livelihoods and the effective conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services while ensuring that Papua New Guinea’s forest resources are used in a sustainable and equitable manner for the benefit of current and future generations.
Papua New Guinea has one of the most signiﬁcant areas of largely intact tropical forest in the world, although these forests appear to be facing acute and imminent threats. Forests are a vital resource for the local population particularly in the remote rural areas of Papua New Guinea, providing food, ﬁber, building materials, and support a variety of wildlife and ecosystem services. The Papua New Guinea Forest Authority estimates that 80% of the total area of the country is covered by natural forests, of which 52% are considered production forests (for timber and other products), and 48% are for conservation (not for timber extraction due to inaccessibility or ecological constraints).
The country’s forests are important to the country’s economy, with forest industries contributing approximately 380 million Kina per year to the government and landowners through tax, permits and royalties. However, deforestation and forest degradation related to forest industries and other activities have resulted in the depletion of these important beneﬁts and released signiﬁcant green house gas emissions. Sustainable management of the country’s forest resources is crucial for reducing global emissions as well as helping to ensure forest resources are available for future generations in Papua New Guinea.