The aim of REDD+is to encourage developing countries to conserve and sustainably managing their forests, as part of global efforts to address climate change.

    

Why is climate change a problem?

Climate change is now affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives, costing people, communities and countries dearly today and even more tomorrow.’ United Nations 

There is increasing evidence from around the world that the Earth’s climate is changing and human activity is the most likely cause. Our climate is rapidly changing with disruptive impacts, and that change is progressing faster than any seen in the last 2,000 years. The rapid changes in climate are a significant concern because so many systems are tied to climate so a change in climate can affect many related aspects of where and how people, plants and animals live, such as food production, availability and use of water, and health risks. The greenhouse gas emissions, particularly rising levels of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases released into the atmosphere from human activities are driving climate change. This is warming the earth and people are already experiencing the significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, rising sea level, and more extreme weather events such as drought and floods. Global greenhouse gas emissions are now at their highest levels in history and scientists project that these trends will continue and in some cases accelerate, posing significant risks to human health, our forests, agriculture, freshwater supplies, coastlines, and other natural resources that are vital to Papua New Guinea’s economy, environment, and our way of life.

                

What is REDD+

Papua New Guinea is part of international efforts to protect and restore forests as part of global initiatives to address and mitigate climate change. These efforts are formally referred to as REDD plus (+). REDD+ stands for countries’ efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), and foster conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (+).

The idea is to slow climate change by reducing the carbon emissions released into the atmosphere from forests that are damaged or destroyed. Standing forests take in and store carbon dioxide as well as provide many environmental benefits. When forests are weakened their ability to store carbon, shelter wildlife, filter water, and to provide food, products, and jobs for people is compromised. Having forests that thrive helps to absorb carbon dioxide and slow climate change.

                                                                                                                                                                                          

 

REDD+ Activities

       
Reducing emissions
from deforestation

Reducing emissions from
forest degradation

Conservation of forest
carbon stocks
Sustainable Management
of Forests
Enhancement of forest
carbon stocks

Importance of forest in combating climate change

Deforestation and forest degradation are the second leading cause of global warming, responsible for about fifteen percent (15%) of global greenhouse gas emissions, which makes the loss and depletion of forests a major issue for climate change. Eighty percent (80%) of the Earth’s above-ground terrestrial carbon and forty percent (40%) of below-ground terrestrial carbon is in forests. In addition to the large contribution of deforestation and forest degradation to global emissions, combating both has been identified as one of the most cost-effective ways to lower emissions. Any reduction in the rate of deforestation and forest degradation has the benefit of avoiding a significant source of carbon emissions and reducing other environmental and social problems associated with deforestation.

In addition to mitigating climate change, stopping deforestation and forest degradation and supporting sustainable forest management conserves water resources and prevents flooding, reduces run-off, controls soil erosion, reduces river siltation, protects fisheries and investments in hydropower facilities, preserves biodiversity and preserves cultures and traditions.

 

REDD+ under UNFCCC

The UNFCC developed REDD+, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation plus the conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, recognizing the potential role of forests in contributing to climate change mitigation.

Our government is part of an international agreement signed by almost all countries in the world to respond to climate change. This agreement is called the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and has been in force since 1994.

Brief explanation of relationship between REDD+ and UNFCCC. Followed by the list below.

  • National strategies and action plans
  • National Strategies and Action Plans
  • National Forest Monitoring Systems for REDD+
  • Forest Reference Emission Levels for REDD+
  • Policies and Measures for REDD+ Implementation
  • REDD+ Safeguards under the UNFCCC
  • REDD+ Finance
  • Approaches for Allocation of Incentives
  • Good governance